Resin flooring to reduce slips and trips
Slips, trips and falls are the most common course of injury in the workplace.
- Nearly 37.5 million falls worldwide require medical attention each year.
- Each year an estimated 424,000 people die from falls globally.
- Falls are the second leading course of accidental or unintentional deaths from injury worldwide.
I’m sure you’ll agree these statistics are staggering, so how can a resin flooring installation reduce the potential for slips and trips?
Most resin flooring systems have a slip resistant option. That is the creation of a profiled finish during the installation which is not detrimental to the performance or aesthetics of the floor.
To a FeRFA Type 1, 2 and 3 classification an aggregate can be scattered or fully blinded between the 2 coat installation to create slip resistance. The choice of aggregate size can vary depending upon how much of a profile is required. Sometimes there is a balance between profile and the cleaning maintenance regime, as a very coarse profile is harder to clean.
A decorative acrylic flake system, FeRFA type 4, or a flowable applied resin flooring system, FeRFA type 5, are not classed a slip resistant products due to the structure of the system as there are no aggregates included which will give an semblance of slip resistance.
With a decorative quartz screed, FeRFA type 6 product offering, there are two options either a standard product which again due to the composition of the product has no slip resistance classification. A slip resistant option is available by incorporating 2 slip resistant seal coats.
Both FeRFA type 7 and Type 8 products are natural slip resistant again due to the product composition.
Slip resistance is measured to BS 7976 (now BS EN 13036-4) to a pendulum test method; the result is shown as a PTV value for which a product with a PTV of ≥36 is classed as being slip resistant. A heavy duty polyurethane screed would typically have a PTV of ≥50 due to the coarseness of the aggregate used in the system & also its trowel applied method of application.
For more information on slip tests go to: http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/geis2.pdf
How resin flooring works in a brewery or a commercial kitchen
Polyurethane resin flooring systems provide the perfect solution for either a brewery or commercial kitchen area.
Resin manufacturers have their polyurethane flooring product portfolio independently tested by Campden BRI so that you can be assured that they meet the Health & Safety legislation requirements in addition to quality and suitability for such hygiene demanding manufacturing and processing areas.
The main features of a polyurethane seamless resin flooring system are that they inhibit bacterial growth. They are easy to clean and maintain a 9mm thickness installation can also be steam cleaned at 120°C. They offer outstanding impact, abrasion and chemical resistance in addition to slip resistant properties.
Vertical render and coving detail can be installed to complement the flooring installation ensuring a smooth transition from floor to wall, enhancing cleaning and hygienic properties of a product which has a life expectancy of 20 years.
ACC Flooring Ltd has vast experience of carrying out resin flooring installations in breweries with Cameron Brewery, Saltaire Brewery, Small World Beers and McColls Brewery being amongst our clients.
Please take a look at 2 brewery case studies:
Altro have produced a brochure designed specifically for commercial kitchens: https://www.altro.co.uk/Latest/Brochures/Commercial-kitchens
How resin flooring works in a classroom
The traditional classroom flooring options have been vinyl or tile floors but resin flooring is becoming more popular because of its seamless, monolithic finish, but also because of the range of decorative finishes available and the easy of cleaning and maintenance.
With a hard wearing finish that can deliver high levels of durability, resin flooring systems can offer more cost effective classroom flooring options than other traditional floorcoverings.
Epoxy resin systems which encapsulate decorative acrylic flakes look great in either matt or gloss finishes. Available in a range of eye catching colour options they are a perfect classroom flooring solution.
Decorative quartz resin flooring systems installed at 3mm – 6mm offer versatility in both school laboratories due to their level of chemical and slip-resistance properties, but also provide classroom locations with striking design flooring options.
Flexible, liquid vinyl products combine durability with good impact resistance. With UV stability they also offer education Business Managers outstanding life cycle costs and have more than 50% renewable, natural oil content therefore being kind to the environment.
In a classroom environment, resin flooring feels great to stand and walk on and are ideal for staff that are on their feet all day.
For music classrooms and libraries, there are also acoustic options which provide sound insulation as standard along with delivering levels of comfort underfoot, reducing fatigue caused by long periods of standing on hard floors.
With a comprehensive product choice which offers durability, design and colour choice, impact and chemical resistance, slip-resistant properties, resin flooring can offer ideal classroom flooring options to any primary or secondary school, college or university.
How resin flooring works with chemical bunds
Resin flooring has been used for many years to provide chemical resistance generally to concrete bases. Specially formulated protective coatings and heavy duty polyurethane screeds tend to provide an answer to a wide range of solutions against oils and fuels to food products or derivatives to natural or synthetic fats and oils to highly aggressive acids, alkalis and solvents. Chemical resistant resin flooring systems also have an environmental purpose to prevent surface liquids from contaminating the ground underneath any structure in addition to giving protection to the substrate on which it has been installed upon.
The photograph below is a chemical bund in a micro-brewery in Huddersfield
BASF Chemicals have developed their Masterseal 7000CR system which is consists of MasterSeal P770 which provides high substrate penetration and acts as a bond promoter for the subsequent MasterSeal M790 membrane. This product is highly chemical resistant and ideal for waterproofing and protection on concrete structures in harsh conditions.
It can be used on horizontal and vertical structures for both internal and external chemical bunds.
How long can a resin floor last?
All resin flooring manufacturers will offer a warranty against each of their offerings in their product portfolio.
Product warranties range from 2 – 15 years whilst anticipated life expectancies vary from 5 – 20 years depending upon the choice of system. However, with the correct maintenance regime and duty of care, a resin floor can exceed even the manufacturers and resin flooring contractors’ expectations.
Resin flooring and commercial environments
Commercial resin flooring can offer a wealth of benefits over other types of flooring solutions. Whether it’s a retail store, a restaurant or bar, an office suite, public market or museum, the choice of flooring is crucial in meeting the demands of each unique project.
So what are the demands in commercial locations? The flooring must be fit for purpose; it must also be aesthetically pleasing on the eye. It has to be durable and easy to clean, meet life expectancy and be a cost effective solution. Whilst other flooring types might meet some of these criteria, resin flooring ticks all the boxes.
There are a variety of resin flooring solutions to meet differing criteria and life expectancy which will out-perform all soft flooring options from decorative acrylic flake or coloured quartz aggregate systems in a wide colour choice, high gloss, self-levelling epoxy products and self-levelling polyurethane flexible solutions both available in an attractive colour palette.
With a diverse range of options in thickness, finish and life expectancy with a comprehensive colour choice, designed for a workplace location either in an industrial or commercial environment, resin flooring has a wealth of advantages, features and benefits over other floorcoverings.
Do do you need help with your next resin floor project?
If you are looking at applying epoxy resin flooring at your workplace or would like to repair an existing resin floor, ask ACC Flooring for a free comprehensive site survey. For immediate assistance call our expert team on 01484 715400 or complete the form below to discuss your requirements.
What is FeRFA?
FeRFA set the standards for the resin flooring industry and provide manufacturers and contractors with guidelines and technical advice on topics such as:
- Surface smoothness and slip resistance
- Chemical resistance
- Static control
- Temperature resistance
- Curing conditions
- Damp proof membranes
In addition publications on various subjects relating to resin flooring installations and products are available on their website www.ferfa.org.uk.
Types of resin flooring finishes
- FeRFA Type 1 – Epoxy floor seal applied in a minimum of 2 coats can be either coloured or clear with a high sheen finish, life expectancy of 5 years.
- FeRFA Type 2 – Epoxy floor coating applied in a minimum of 2 coats in a gloss finish, life expectancy of 5 years.
- FeRFA Type 3 – High build epoxy coating applied in a minimum of 2 coats in a gloss finish, life expectancy of 7 years.
- FeRFA Type 4 – Multi-layer flooring such as an epoxy resin with a decorative flake encapsulated with either a matt or gloss finish, life expectancy of 8 years.
- FeRFA Type 5 – Flow applied resin flooring in a high gloss finish, life expectancy of 10 years.
- FeRFA Type 6 – Resin screed flooring such as a decorative quartz screed bound in clear resin in a gloss finish, life expectancy 15 years.
- FeRFA Type 7 – Heavy duty flowable flooring, usually in a matt finish with a life expectancy of 10 years.
- FeRFA Type 8 – Heavy duty resin flooring, trowel applied, aggregate filled systems with a life expectancy of 15 years.
Colour options for resin flooring
All resin flooring product options are available in an extensive colour range, for example Altro product colour ranges in FeRFA classifications 1 – 8 are available at:
How is resin flooring produced?
Resin flooring systems are produced by a chemical reaction when liquid components of a base resin and reactive hardener are mixed in precise proportions to create a uniform and homogeneous final product. The chemical bond formed with the substrate by the polymer reaction will allow for the creation of a strong, solid, continuous flooring surface.
An epoxy resin coating consists of a formulated synthetic resin and a separate hardener.
As the demand for increased performance grows, this would generally result in an increase in resin flooring thickness, the array of components grow to include aggregates, pigments, decorative quartz or acrylic flakes. The thicker, heavy duty resin flooring systems for the hardest working environments are almost always harder than concrete.
The expression “resin” came from epoxy resin on which the original resin floors were formed on. Many different types of chemicals are now used in the manufacture of resin floors. The common feature is that polymerisation or curing reaction takes place in situ to produce the final resin flooring finish.
Resin flooring systems are available in a wide range of thicknesses from a floor seal of up to 150 microns to a heavy duty polyurethane screed at 9mm generally used for industrial workplaces. The choice of resin flooring system can offer a seamless surface with greatly enhanced performance to the concrete or cementitious base on which it is applied.
FeRFA, the Resin Flooring Association, represents leading manufacturers, contractors and associated companies involved in resin flooring and set the standards for resin flooring industry. www.ferfa.org.uk
If you have any questions about your next floor project, please use the enquiry form below or give us a call.